Six selection factors

Work experience (maximum 15 points)

You can get points for the number of years you’ve spent doing full-time paid work (at least 30 hours per week, or an equal amount of part-time ) at skill type 0, or skill levels A or B of the 2016 National Occupational Classification.

To get selection factor points, your work experience will count if it was:

  • in Canada or abroad
  • while you were studying
  • while being self-employed

Finding your National Occupational Classification (NOC)

The NOC is a list of all the occupations in the Canadian labour market and is used to classify jobs in the Canadian economy. It describes duties, skills, talents and work settings for different jobs.

You will need to identify the “NOC code” for each job that you want to include in your Express Entry profile. Find your NOC to find the information that best matches each of your past jobs.

You’ll need this information again, so make sure to save it.

If the description and list of main duties match what you did at your job(s), you can count this experience for points.

Language skills (maximum 28 points)

It’s very important to be able to communicate in 1 or both of Canada’s official languages. Knowing English, French or both helps you in the Canadian job market.

You can get up to 28 points for your language skills in English and French. We’ll give you points based on your ability to:

  • write
  • read
  • listen
  • speak

Language testing

You must take an approved language test to prove your language levels.

To measure your English or French levels, we use:

  • Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) for English
  • Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) for French

You must get a minimum level of CLB 7 or NCLC 7 for 1 official language in all 4 language areas. To get points for the second official language, you must meet the minimum level of CLB 5 or NCLC 5 in all 4 language areas.

Once you take the language test, you can use it to see exactly how many points we’ll give you for the language selection factor.

Find out more about language testing and how to get tested.

Who can enter Canada

You can travel to and enter Canada if you’re a

  • Canadian citizen
  • dual Canadian citizen with a
    • valid Canadian passport or
  • permanent resident of Canada
  • person registered under Canada’s Indian Act
  • protected person

Foreign nationals, including United States (US) citizens, can travel to Canada only if they’re eligible.

To be eligible, you must be both

  • an immediate family member of a Canadian citizen, person registered under Canada’s Indian Act or
  • staying in Canada for 15 days or more

You must also have a that shows how you’ll quarantine for 14 days when you arrive in Canada. This plan is mandatory.

Immediate family members staying for less than 15 days must be travelling for a non-discretionary purpose.

To be eligible, all of the following must apply:

  • You’re an extended family member of a Canadian citizen, person registered under Canada’s Indian Act or .
  • You’re staying in Canada for 15 days or more.
  • You have written authorization from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

You must also have a  that shows how you’ll quarantine for 14 days when you arrive in Canada. This plan is mandatory.

Extended family members staying for less than 15 days must be travelling for a non-discretionary purpose.

Coming for compassionate reasons

If you’re a foreign national travelling to Canada for a compassionate reason, you must get authorization from the Public Health Agency of Canada to travel to and enter Canada.

Examples of compassionate reasons can include:

  • being present during the final moments of life for a loved one
  • providing support to a person deemed critically ill
  • providing care to a person who medically requires support
  • attending a funeral or end-of-life ceremony

If you’re not eligible to come for compassionate reasons, you must meet the requirements for or or who are eligible to travel to the country.

All other foreign nationals

To be eligible, you must meet one of the following requirements:

  • You must be travelling directly from the US for a non-discretionary purpose.
  • You must be and be travelling for a non-discretionary purpose.
Travellers coming from outside the US who are exempt from the travel restrictions
  • some people who have been approved to become a permanent resident of Canada, but who are not yet permanent residents
  • with written authorization from IRCC to reunite with a temporary resident of Canada (see Uniting with immediate family members for more information)
  • transiting passengers (must remain in the secure transit area of a Canadian airport to complete their connection)
  • members of the Canadian forces, visiting forces coming to perform official duties, Department of National Defence and their
  • accredited diplomats and their (includes North Atlantic Treaty Organization , those under the United Nations Headquarters Agreement, other organizations)
  • air and marine crew members
  • French citizens who live in Saint-Pierre and Miquelon and have been in only Canada, the US or Saint-Pierre and Miquelon during the 14 days before the day they seek to enter Canada
  • any person who does not pose a significant harm to public health, in the opinion of the Chief Public Health Officer of Canada, and who will provide an essential service while in Canada
  • any person whose presence in Canada is in the national interest, in the opinion of the Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship; Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness; or Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • any person who is coming at the invitation of the Minister of Health for the purpose of COVID-19 assistance
  • any person whose purpose is to make medical deliveries

You must also have a that shows how you will quarantine for 14 days when you arrive in Canada. This plan is mandatory.

International Co-op (Internship)

Get valuable overseas work experience related to your field of study.

This category is for you if:

  • you’re a student registered at a post-secondary institution
  • you have a job offer for a work placement or internship in Canada
  • you need to do this work placement or internship to complete your studies
  • you’ll work for the same employer in the same location during your stay in Canada

The type of work permit you get in the International Co-op (Internship) category is an . The internship you are offered in Canada must be directly linked to your field of studies.

Wages must follow the labour laws in the province or territory you will be working in. The labour code of the province or territory will determine if an internship needs to be paid or not.

Economic and family immigration programs

Most people who successfully apply for permanent residence are chosen through Canada’s economic immigration programs:

  • Express Entry: The first step for most economic immigrants is to submit a profile under Express Entry. In the profile, the person receives ranking points based on their language ability, education, skills and experience. Every two weeks, the candidates with the most points are invited to apply for permanent residence.
  • Provincial Nominee Program: Provinces (except Quebec) nominate the immigrants they would like, based on criteria they set that address their own needs.
  • Quebec-Selected Skilled Workers: The Province of Quebec selects its own skilled workers.
  • Start-up Visa Program: Entrepreneurs with business ideas and the support of Canadian investors can become permanent residents and launch their business here.
  • Caregiver Program: Individuals who have gained experience working in Canada providing in-home care to children, or people with high medical needs, can apply for permanent residence.

Through the Family Class, Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor loved ones to join them in Canada. This includes spouses and common-law partners, dependent children, parents and grandparents.


  • Notice – Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada implements public policy to help stranded temporary workers from Trinidad and Tobago 16 December 2020
  • Notice – Service Canada online biometrics enrollment scheduling tool reopening 27 November 2020
  • Notice – Online Citizenship Test 26 November 2020
  • Notice – Visa application centres in India offering limited biometrics appointments for spouses, partners, dependent children and students 25 November 2020
  • Notice – Biometric collection to be offered in more locations following opening of two temporary VACs 23 November 2020
  • Notice – Changes to the pre-removal risk assessment for Hong Kong 12 November 2020
  • Notice – Online survey of newcomers to Canada 02 November 2020
  • Notice – Supplementary Information for the 2021-2023 Immigration Levels Plan 30 October 2020
  • Notice – IRCC expression of interest process for service delivery improvements projects is now open 15 October 2020
  • Notice – Interest to sponsor forms for 2020 Parents and Grandparents Program now available 13 October 2020
  • Notice – New temporary public policy allowing permanent residence applicants to rely on biometrics previously submitted within the last 10 years 22 September 2020
  • Notice – Gradual resumption of in-person services 17 September 2020
  • Notice – Immigration and consular assistance for those affected by the tragedy in Beirut 3 September 2020
  • Notice – Important new measures on post-graduation work permit eligibility for students beginning programs online 26 August 2020
  • Notice – Open work permit pilot program extended for spouse or common-law partner in Canada class 30 July 2020
  • Notice – COVID-19 update: New public policy on biometrics collection exemption for temporary residence applicants from within Canada in effect until further notice 15 July 2020
  • Notice – Extension for temporary residents applying to restore their status 14 July 2020
  • Notice – COVID-19 update: IRCC resuming processing of online applications for visitor visas and eTAs, but travel restrictions remain 30 June 2020
  • Notice – Client survey on the impact of COVID-19 on immigration plans 16 June 2020
  • Notice – Visa Application Centres gradually starting to offer services 11 June 2020
  • Notice — Temporary public policy exempting essential workers from giving biometrics overseas 5 June 2020
  • Notice — Flexibility in post-graduation work permit rules to help international students and Canadian post-secondary institutions 14 May 2020
  • Notice — Increase in permanent residence fees effective April 30 30 April 2020
  • Notice — IRCC Client Support Centre resumes calls 27 April 2020
  • Notice – Processing changes for visas due to COVID-19 10 April 2020
  • Notice – Passport Client Service Survey for Passports Issued in 2019 7 April 2020
  • Notice – Update on opening of Agri-Food Immigration Pilot 30 March 2020
  • Notice – Update on 2020 Parents and Grandparents Program 27 March 2020
  • Notice — Supplementary Information 2020-2022 Immigration Levels Plan March 12 2020
  • Notice – Update: special immigration measures expanded to applicants in Iran and South Korea affected by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) 29 February 2020
  • Notice – Special measures to help temporary and permanent residents and applicants affected by the novel coronavirus 7 February 2020
  • Notice – Client service survey 2020 31 January 2020
  • Notice – Special Measures to help assist with urgent travel related to flight PS752 10 January 2020


There is no education requirement for the Federal Skilled Trades Program. But, if you want to improve your rank in the Express Entry pool, there are 2 ways you can do this.

  • If you went to school in Canada, you can get points for a certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:
    • secondary institution (high school) or
    • post-secondary institution


  • If you have foreign education, you can get points for a completed , if you have an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report for immigration purposes from a designated organization showing that your education is equal to a completed certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:
    • secondary institution (high school) or
    • post-secondary institution

How to apply

Generally, you must apply for a study permit before you come to Canada. Some people can apply for a study permit from within Canada. In some cases, you can apply when you arrive in Canada at the port of entry. Make sure you understand which option is available to you.

How applying online helps you

  • No courier fees or mail delivery time – we get your application instantly.
  • Your applications may be processed more quickly.
  • It helps you make sure your application is complete before you submit it.
  • You can quickly submit more documents online (if we ask you to).
  • You get updates on the status of your application directly in your online account.

Quick Tips

Immigrate To Canada

For those interested in finding out if they qualify for Canadian immigration, we offer a free assessment of qualification and eligibility. The best way to determine if you qualify for Canadian immigration is by filling out our free assessment form. We will get back to you within 24 hours.

Business Immigration

For businesspersons or managers seeking to immigrate to Canada, the Business/Investor Immigration Program may be an appealing fast-track Canadian immigration option. If you wish to make a qualifying investment in Canada or acquire/establish a Canadian business, please contact us to discuss your options.

Canadian Work Permits

Generally speaking, a Canadian job offer is required before one can begin the process of obtaining a work permit. There are categories of , whereby individuals may enter the Canadian labour market without a Canadian work permit. There are also instances in which individuals may qualify for an , and circumvent the Labour Market Opinion (LMO) process.

Canadian Study Permits

Generally speaking, the first step to obtaining a Canadian study permit is to gain admittance to a Canadian institution. A study permit is currently not required for educational programs in Canada lasting six months or less.

Is it Easy to Immigrate to Canada?

With over 80 pathways of immigration, Canada has a range of options for all types of applicants. That said, moving to a new country requires some effort. Some immigration programs require higher qualifications and more documents than others. Using the services of a Canadian immigration lawyer can greatly assist in the immigration process from start to finish. 

Canadian immigration lawyers are the point of contact with the government for your application. They handle the submission of your application and advise you on the documents you need, the ones you might want to include, and the documents you should not provide. 

To learn more about how the skilled legal professionals and lawyers at the Canadim Law Firm can help you, check out our Canadian immigration services page.  

Other applications and services


If you are a citizen of certain countries or territories, you have to give your biometrics (fingerprints and photograph) when you apply for a:

  • visitor visa
  • study permit or
  • work permit.
Fees $CAN
Biometrics – per person 85

Biometrics – per family (2 or more people)

Maximum fee for a family of 2 or more people applying at the same time and place


Biometrics – per group (3 or more performing artists)

Maximum fee for a group of 3 or more performing artists applying at the same time and place


Note: The biometrics fee covers:

  • collecting fingerprints and a digital photo
  • moving your documents between our visa office and the VAC where you gave your biometrics

If your children qualify as dependants and need to give their biometrics, you can pay the family fee.

 Canadian passports and travel documents

To find fees and payment options for Canadian passports and travel documents, visit Pay your fees for a Canadian passport, a travel document or other services.

Employer compliance

Fees $CAN
Employer compliance fee 230
Employer compliance fee – group of entertainers (3 or more) 690

Notes: Employer Compliance – group of entertainers (3 or more): To be eligible for the group fee, you must make your offers of employment to a group of three or more foreign nationals, consisting of performing artists and their staff, at the same time.

Как оформить визу в Канаду? Сайт канадского посольства:

Горнолыжные курорты Канады ни в чем не уступают привычным центрам лыжного спорта в Европе. Скалистые горы можно без преувеличения назвать мечтой горнолыжного фаната: самый продолжительный горнолыжный сезон – с начала ноября по конец мая. Внушительные снежные пространства с большим перепадом высот. Толщина снежного покрова до 10 метров – явление совершенно обычное. Температура не опускается ниже минус пятнадцати, солнечно и безветренно. Круглогодичное катание возможно на севере Канады, где расположены основные ледники.

Вистлер входит в десятку лучших горнолыжных курортов мира. Протяженность трасс: более 1500 км. Ежегодно Вистлер посещает до 2х миллионов лыжников и сноубордистов. Лучшие отели городка – от самых скромных до роскошных пятизвездочных дворцов – предлагают отдыхающим отличный сервис.

Курорт ледникового катания Блэккомб ждет любителей горнолыжного спорта летом: двери отелей открыты с июня до августа. Здесь рай для любителей внетрассовых спусков (поклонников хелискиинга могут доставить на вертолете на высоту до 4600 метров).

Национальный парк Банф объединяет сразу три горнолыжных курорта и входит в Список всемирного наследия ЮНЕСКО как один из красивейших уголков земного шара.

Посольство Канады визовый отдел работает понедельник — пятница с 8.30 до 17.00.

Запись в посольство Канады в Москве на Староконюшенном переулке без предварительной заявки.

What is a Permanent Resident?

A Canadian permanent resident is a citizen of another country who has been granted permission to live in Canada as a permanent resident. Once a person has permanent resident status, they have the right to live and work anywhere in the country. Permanent residents receive a significant number of benefits in Canada, including access to healthcare and social services, the right to live, work, and study anywhere in Canada, and protection under Canadian law. As well, after being a permanent resident for a certain amount of time, permanent residents are eligible to apply to become ! Notably, Canadian permanent residents do not have the right to vote in Canadian elections.

How Much Money do You Need to Immigrate to Canada?

The necessary amount of funds you need to immigrate to Canada varies greatly. Some immigration programs do not require anything more than the processing fees for your application. Others require a substantial investment in Canada. We will break it down by category below.  

Economic immigration: Most economic categories of immigration require proof that you are able to financially support yourself during your resettlement in Canada. Some however do not. The categories of economic immigration that do not request proof of settlement funds usually require the applicant to have Canadian work experience or a Canadian job offer. The rationale being that these candidates do not require funds for resettlement in Canada given the fact that they have already integrated into the Canadian workforce. 

Business immigration: All forms of business immigration require significant investment in Canada. It might require the applicant to have invested in a Canadian company or require an applicant to make an interest free loan to the federal or provincial government. 

Family sponsorship: In most cases, you do not provide financial information to sponsor a spouse or dependent child. If you are sponsoring other family members like a parent or grandparent, there is a financial requirement that will need to be met in order to be eligible to apply. 

Humanitarian and refugee sponsorship: If you are applying under humanitarian and compassionate grounds applications, no financial requirements exist. The only time financial information is required under this category of immigration is if the refugee is a privately sponsored applicant. In that case, the Canadian group sponsoring the refugee must demonstrate that they have raised sufficient funds to sponsor the resettlement of the refugee candidate. 

Student route to PR

Students undergoing a 2 years program in Canadian University / College have number of immigration options. Canadian employers are more attracted to students with previous Canadian experience and because of the impeccable quality of Canadian education, Canada tries to retain foreign talent that graduates from its educational institutions.

Students are always advised to apply for Dual Intent i.e. both Temporary Residence (work and study) and Permanent Residence in Canada. Dual intent allows student to secure their temporary study permit while they apply / wait for their permanent residence. This makes Canada an even more lucrative place to study for students. Students can go through any one of following immigration path to get their Permanent Residence:

  1. Express Entry (Canada Experience Class)
  2. Provincial Nomination

Self Employed

I can apply if I am:

  • author / writer
  • creative and performing artist
  • Musicians
  • Painter
  • Sculptor / visual artist
  • technical support or other job in motion pictures
  • creative designers / craftspeople

Experience needed:  At least 2 years of last 5 years

Processing time: 24 months

Fees from $1540

Selection criteria: 35 / 100 points

No immigration conditions are imposed on the self-employed class. One must have enough money to support himself / herself and their family members after he / she arrives in Canada.

Self-employed person’s financial asset may also be a measure of intent and ability to establish economically in Canada. There is no minimum investment level for self-employed person. The capital required depends on the nature of the work.

How financial benefits affect family sponsorship

If you collect the Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB), you’re still eligible to sponsor your spouse, parent, grandparent, child or other relative as long as you meet all the requirements to be a sponsor.

CERB isn’t considered . Collecting CERB won’t make you ineligible to sponsor.

EI and CERB won’t cause you to default

If the person you sponsored collects Employment Insurance (EI) or the CERB during the , it will not cause you to default.

However, if the person you sponsored collects social assistance during the undertaking period, you have to repay the amount. If you don’t, you’ll be in default of your undertaking.

Get assessed by the province or territory

You’ll likely have to go to the province or territory to be assessed for your trade. You may also need an employer in Canada to give you experience and training.

To learn more about getting assessed, you should go to the website of the body that governs trades for the province/territory where you would like to live and work. The process is different, depending on where you want to go.

Each website has more details about certificates of qualification to work in that province or territory in a specific skilled trade, and what you have to do to get one.

  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Northwest Territories
  • Nova Scotia
  • Nunavut
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Saskatchewan
  • Yukon

If your trade is not regulated by a province or territory, it may be federally regulated (for example, airplane mechanic). You can find out who regulates your trade by visiting the website of the Canadian Information Centre for International Credentials.

Skilled work experience

Skilled trades for the Federal Skilled Trades Program are organized under these groups of the National Occupational Classification (NOC):

  • Major Group 72, industrial, electrical and construction trades
  • Major Group 73, maintenance and equipment operation trades
  • Major Group 82, supervisors and technical jobs in natural resources, agriculture and related production
  • Major Group 92, processing, manufacturing and utilities supervisors and central control operators
  • Minor Group 632, chefs and cooks
  • Minor Group 633, butchers and bakers

The major NOC groups are subdivided into different occupations, and they are all skill type B.

You must show that you performed the duties set out in the lead statement of the occupational description in the NOC. This includes all the essential duties and most of the main duties listed.

If you don’t show that your experience meets the description in the NOC, we’ll refuse your application.

The work experience only counts after you qualified to independently practice the occupation.

Young Professionals

Gain Canadian professional work experience to better compete in a global economy.

This category is for you if:

  • You have a job offer in Canada that contributes to your professional development
  • You’ll work for the same employer in the same location during your stay in Canada

Under this category, work must be:

  • paid
  • not self-employed

The type of work permit you get in the Young Professionals category is an .

Your employer must meet all labour laws in the province or territory you plan to work including meeting minimum wage requirements.

The job you are offered in Canada must be classified as a National Occupational Classification (NOC) Code Skill Type Level 0, A or B to be considered as contributing to your “professional development.” A NOC C job might be accepted if you can submit a post-secondary diploma, certificate or degree, with your work permit application. Your diploma, certificate or degree must be translated to English or French.

Gradual reopening of some IRCC offices

IRCC has worked hard to adapt to the challenges presented by the COVID-19 pandemic, while maintaining client service and prioritizing the health and safety of its clients and employees. 

Where possible, IRCC has moved to deliver services virtually, and continues to look for innovative solutions to serve clients. For services that have no virtual alternative, IRCC is addressing the workload while following guidance from the Public Health Agency of Canada, as well as provincial and local public health guidelines.

Beginning on September 21, 2020, some IRCC offices in Vancouver, Etobicoke, Montréal, Calgary, Edmonton, Hamilton and Niagara Falls started reopening for limited, selected services to clients by appointment only—and with a number of safety measures in place, including plexiglass barriers and upgraded sanitizing procedures. As well, clients are asked to fill out a Health Canada self-assessment both ahead of their appointment and when they arrive at the IRCC office. Social distancing and mask-wearing are also being enforced.

IRCC continues to monitor the offices where in-person services are offered to help plan for reopening services more widely in the future.

A different kind of Canadian immigration law firm

We are pleased to offer free, unrushed, comprehensive consultations. Most firms insist on a retainer fee before they will assess a candidate’s opportunities and options, but we do not. It’s part of our aim to make the process as comfortable as possible, while reassuring our clients that our priority is thoughtful representation, not making money.

Our firm is comprised of talent with backgrounds in both government and the private sector, ensuring a comprehensive perspective is applied to every client file. Our reputation as a leading Canadian immigration authority was built while providing remarkable value to our clients through vigorous representation.

How to apply for a visitor visa

If you’re at this time, you need to tell us, so we can prioritize the processing of your application.

We’re prioritizing applications for non-discretionary travel during this time. You also must meet all regular visitor visa eligibility and admissibility requirements.

Step 1: Apply online

If you need a visitor visa to travel to Canada, you must apply online for one. Only online applications will be accepted and processed.

If you’re travelling with an identity or travel document that was issued to a refugee, a stateless person or a non-citizen

If you can’t apply online, you can apply on paper.

Step 2: Fill out the form

When answering the question on the application form about the purpose of travel, enter the following information exactly as written to make sure your application is prioritized:

  • For question 1 a) purpose of travel, choose “other” from the drop-down menu.
  • For question 1 b) description field, write “COVID-19” exactly like this (you must use capital letters).

Choosing the right Canadian immigration lawyer

Choosing the right Canadian immigration lawyer is a decision worth getting right the first time. Provincial bar associations regulate lawyers by ensuring they meet appropriate standards of education, skill and professionalism. However, it is the client’s responsibility to properly vet his or her options when selecting a lawyer.

As a full-service law firm, our attorneys are licensed to provide legal representation with respect to all Canadian immigration matters. Our firm earned its stellar reputation by relentlessly defending our client’s rights through the application of expertise derived from years of experience. We remain intensely result-driven, honest and accessible to our clients.

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